Research reports and case studies

RFID Journal publications

The most comprehensive list of research reports, case studies and White Papers are located on the RFID Journal’s website. While the RFID Journal is a subscription based publication, there are some free to view case studies:


The use of EPC RFID standards for livestock traceability

The NZ RFID Pathfinder Group has also undertaken ground-breaking research into the use of passive EPC UHF RFID for livestock traceability applications – read the report here. The objective of this research is to assess the efficacy of using EPC standards and in particular the EPCIS standard as a tool for livestock traceability from a farm in New Zealand to a retail facility based in Hamburg, Germany. The research undertaken by the Pathfinder Group involved the continued assessment of passive EPC UHF ear tags on livestock – in this case deer as well as an investigation and assessment of the EPCIS standard as a tool for livestock traceability. This research saw live deer moved from a farm in Geraldine, New Zealand through a meat processor in Rakaia, Canterbury and shipped as cartons of finished meat cuts to a retail customer in Hamburg, Germany. This research was partially funded by the Sustainable Farming Fund under the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI). The research partners and financial contributors included DeerNZ, NAIT and FarmIQ. Contact Gary Hartley (Secretary) for more details.

RFID item-level tagging for apparel and footwear

This document describes a feasibility study conducted by the University of Arkansas’ RFID Research Center with participation from the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP), the Voluntary Interindustry Commerce Solutions (VICS) Association, Dillard’s and Procter & Gamble, wherein passive Ultra High Frequency (UHF) Gen 2 RFID tags were applied to a variety of clothing and footwear items, generally offered for retail in the apparel/footwear industry, and tested for read rate success using various test scenarios. Download and read the full report here.

New Zealand Technical Feasibility Study – The Use of RFID in Menswear Retail

The report documents the findings of a Feasibility and Scoping Study, undertaken in July 2015 by members of the New Zealand RFID Pathfinder Group. The report addresses the potential for RFID-enabled stock tagging and counting in Harfords Menswear. While RFID is technically feasible for Harfords and a solution has been scoped, a final decision to proceed, or not, is dependent on Harfords’ judgment of the strategic value of enhanced inventory accuracy. Download and read the report here.

Does RFID reduce “out of stocks”?

In examining this question, a potential area for improvement is in the in-stock position of products on the shelf. That is, any reduction in out of stocks provides benefit for the retailer, the supplier and the consumer. In an effort to explore this potential business case, Wal-Mart commissioned a study to examine the influence of RFID on out of stocks. From February 14 to September 12, 2005, out of stocks were examined daily in 24 Wal-Mart stores (12 RFID-enabled stores, 12 control stores) representing all store formats. Preliminary results presented in this paper suggest that RFID is making a difference: within the test stores, out of stocks were reduced; test stores outperformed control stores; and tagged items outperformed non-tagged items within test stores. Read findings of their preliminary analysis here.

Supply chain traceability and product authenticity for Halal meat products

Further ground-breaking research into the use of EPC UHF RFID Standards undertaken in May-June 2014 by GS1 New Zealand and members of the Pathfinder Group, confirms the standards provide robust end-to-end supply chain traceability and product authenticity for Halal meat products exported from New Zealand to Malaysia. The comprehensive report is available for download here. GS1 New Zealand has also published a White Paper on the use of Automatic Identification Capture (AIDC) technologies within the utilities and electrical sectors with specific focus on the use of RFID technologies. Read the full report here.

New Zealand pilot on deer velvet traceability

The pilot outlines the tracking and tracing of two velvet ‘sticks’; one stick from two animals farmed from two discrete New Zealand locations. Using a fifteen (15) node supply chain design model, the pilot outlines the movement of each stick from farm through a processing phase, internal transport and logistics phases, exporting of product and finally, delivery of the sticks in two cartons (one stick in each carton) to a customer based in Seoul, South Korea. The pilot investigates and reports on the use of both manual data collection methods and RFID technologies used in unison with GS1 global data and network standards to determine the objectives as prescribed. GS1 identification standards were used where possible, to access and report efficacy in accordance with stated objectives. Download and read more information here.

Auto-ID labs

The Auto-ID Labs are the leading global network of academic research laboratories in the field of networked RFID. The labs comprise seven of the world’s most renowned research universities located on four different continents. These institutions were chosen by the Auto-ID Center to architect the Internet of Things together with EPCglobal. Access publications from the Auto-ID labs here.

Keg Case Study by Carlsberg and Kegspertise

Carlsberg UK and Kegspertise tested the use of barcodes to identify each keg, readable in line-of-sight with handheld scanners. This process was conducted to replace their traditional audit of keg population and to inspect its condition, which used to be done manually in pen and paper method. Barcoding enabled them to increase sampling and auditing of approximately 10-times more kegs than were done using the previous manual counts. This proved to be much faster, accurate and effective than the traditional methods. You can read the case study here.